Department of Environmental Protection

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Air Quality, Energy & Sustainability

Drive Green

Which goals and policies are driving these reductions?

  1. GWRA / 80x50 / NJPACT rules
  2. RGGI
  3. USEPA Cleaner Truck Initiative
  4. Advanced Clean Truck Program
  5. ZEV Task Force / NESCAUM

1. GWRA/ 80x50 / NJPACT rules

The NJ Global Warming Response Act of 2007 (updated 2019) (P.L. 2007, c.112; P.L. 2018, c.197) requires the state to adopt measures within specific timeframes so that harmful greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced by 80 percent, economy-wide, by 2050.

The GWRA 80x50 Report was written in response to the mandate in the Global Warming Response Act, to help identify the measures needed to reduce New Jersey's greenhouse gas emissions by 80% from their 2006 levels by 2050. This report builds on the state's ongoing efforts to address and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and serves as the third element of a comprehensive plan that evaluates New Jersey's greenhouse gas emissions from both energy and non-energy systems. The Report provides guidance, policies, and regulatory and legislative recommendations to meet the State's GHG emission reduction goals.

Light Duty Electrification Goals

One recommendation in the GWRA 80x50 Report is to have 100% of car sales be electric by 2035. This equates to a little more than 5 million vehicles and is more ambitious than goals set in the EV Law (85% of car sales to be electric by 2040).

NJPACT (NJ Protecting Against Climate Threats). Under Governor Phil Murphy's Executive Order 100, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) is reforming regulations that will help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while making our natural and built environments more resilient to the impacts of climate change that we cannot avoid. NJDEP will:
  • Complete a comprehensive accounting of greenhouse gas emissions that will enable New Jersey to focus on priority pollutants and limit them aggressively to meet our goals of reducing emissions to 80 percent below 2006 levels by 2050.
  • Enact new air pollution regulations that achieve critically needed reductions in carbon dioxide and short-lived climate pollutants (methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and black carbon) - technology forcing measures that pave the way for a new clean energy economy.
  • Reform our environmental land use rules to help New Jerseyans better plan and build resilient communities by avoiding flood-prone areas, reestablishing chronically inundated wetlands, revegetating riparian areas, and encouraging green building and green infrastructure.
  • Lead by example by ensuring that projects built with public funds integrate climate resilience measures so that taxpayer dollars are put to good use and also that infrastructure we build or fund provides lasting value in a changing world.

2. RGGI

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is the first mandatory market-based program in the United States to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. RGGI is a cooperative effort among the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virginia to cap and reduce CO2 emissions from the power sector.

Following a comprehensive program review in 2017, the RGGI states implemented a new cap reduction trajectory of 30% over the period 2020 to 2030. The RGGI CO2 cap represents a regional budget for CO2 emissions from the power sector. New Jersey rejoined RGGI in 2018, in recognition of its role in renewable energy and the transition to electric vehicles.

States sell nearly all CO2 allowances through auctions and invest proceeds in energy efficiency, renewable energy, and other consumer benefit programs. These programs are spurring innovation in the clean energy economy and creating green jobs in the RGGI states. First year auction proceeds of $90 million will be directed toward clean transportation. The RGGI Strategic Funding Plan directs that nearly all of the funding for the next three years will be largely dedicated to truck electrification with priority given to overburdened communities. Find more information about this effort on our website: https://www.nj.gov/rggi/docs/rggi-strategic-funding-plan.pdf

In 2021, Governor Murphy announced an investment of $57 million in clean, equitable transportation projects that will improve air quality and reduce the effects of climate change while moving New Jersey toward 100 percent clean energy by 2050. The RGGI investment will fund the following projects:

  • $9 million in grants for local government electrification projects that will help to improve air quality in environmental justice communities through the deployment of electric garbage and delivery trucks;
  • $13 million in grants for low- and moderate-income communities to reduce emissions that affect our children's air quality through the deployment of electric school buses and shuttle buses;
  • $5 million in grants for equitable mobility projects that will bring electric vehicle ride hailing and charging stations to four more New Jersey towns and cities;
  • $15 million toward NJ Transit bus electrification; and
  • $15 million toward flex funding to further deploy additional resources to the listed initiatives.

RGGI States
Trucks

The USEPA developed the Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI) to reduce NOx, particulate matter, and greenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty trucks through a variety of technological and engine improvements. The CTI will work to ensure emissions reductions occur in the real world in all types of truck operation. CTI rules will offer opportunities to reduce ambient particulate matter and ozone across the country. The USEPA is also exploring ways to develop a smart program design that leverages modern and advanced technologies, while streamlining existing requirements. https://www.epa.gov/regulations-emissions-vehicles-and-engines/cleaner-trucks-initiative

4. California Advanced Clean Truck Program

In another first-in-the-nation move to tackle climate change, California rules adopted in 2021 will require automakers to sell more electric trucks starting in 2024 and increasing gradually to 40-75% by 2035. New Jersey is one of several states that has adopted some of California's vehicle rules under Section 177 of the Clean Air Act. Most medium duty fleet vehicle manufacturers offer plug-in electric vehicles that will meet most fleets' operational requirements. Heavy duty vehicle manufacturers, such as those that produce big rig trucks, are closely behind in development of electric versions for this fleet. There are approximately 500,000 medium- and heavy-duty trucks registered in New Jersey.

On April 19, 2021, NJDEP proposed its own Advanced Clean Truck rules. The proposed rulemaking has two major components that focus on reducing emissions of CO2 and other pollutants from the transportation sector and is part of NJ's Protecting Against Climate Threats initiative.

Manufacturer sales requirement: The Advanced Clean Trucks Program will require manufacturers of vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) to participate in a credit/deficit program intended to increase the percentage of zero-emission vehicles sold in New Jersey. By increasing sales of electric vehicles, the department's proposed rulemaking will reduce transportation sector emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5).

Fleet reporting requirement: The Fleet Reporting Requirement imposes a one-time reporting requirement intended to obtain information about the in-state operation of fleets of vehicles over 8,500 pounds GVWR that will inform future decisions concerning further emission reductions from the transportation sector. The proposed rulemaking includes penalty provisions at N.J.A.C. 7:27A for the proposed amendments to the Air Pollution Control rules.

Electric Truck
Medium & Heavy Duty Electrification Goals

5. ZEV Task Force / NESCAUM

Through a memorandum of understanding, 15 states - including New Jersey, plus the District of Columbia - are working collaboratively to advance and accelerate the market for electric medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. These states are working through the multistate Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Task Force facilitated by NESCAUM to develop a MHD ZEV Action Plan. The goal of the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicles: Action Plan is to ensure that 100 percent of all new truck and bus sales are zero-emission vehicles by 2050, with an interim target of 30 percent by 2030. To lead by example, each state will progress toward electrification of its government and quasi-governmental agency fleets and explore opportunities for coordinated/aggregated vehicle and infrastructure procurement.

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